Piles, otherwise known as hemorrhoids, are not a fun condition for anyone to have, but statistics say that they are commonly found in about 50 percent of adults between the ages 45 to 65 get them sometime in their lives, and that sometimes they have to undergo piles surgery.
Piles are when the veins inside the opening of the anus and rectum area become irritated and swollen and form lumps under the skin that can block the opening and make it difficult to have a bowel movement. They usually cause symptoms such as itching, burning, and pain.
How are piles treated?
Sometimes piles end up resolving on their own, or the people who suffer with them relieve piles using creams, OTC pain medications, sitz baths or other treatments. However, those treatments do not always work and then they may have to undergo piles surgery.
Piles disease is usually not serious or life threatening, but it do cause irritating symptoms. You should still have them checked out to be sure it isn’t some other issues such as colon cancer or anal fissures, as they have similar symptoms of pain, itching, bleeding, and inflammation.
When is Surgery Needed?
Piles surgery is necessary when they get so big they make it impossible or exceedingly hard to have a regular bowel movement. Until that surgery can be done, it’s vital not to do thing that can make them swell more. You can add fiber to your meals to loosen up the stools and make it causes less strain on the piles or do exercise to improve your blood circulation, which helps the blood not clot and therefore not turn into a thrombosed piles condition.
Piles surgery can be done using forms of either manual removal or lasers to cauterize the swollen nerve endings of the piles. Before undergoing any of the surgeries we are about to explain, you should go see your doctor to decide what is best for your situation.
There are several types of piles surgery offered by doctors. Some are less invasive than others. Here are some of the methods of piles surgery:
Lancing Piles Surgery
The simplest type of piles surgery is done through lancing the affected hemorrhoid. This is performed for piles that are acutely inflamed and which have thrombosed or clotted. A small incision is placed over the clot and then it is removed. This gives instant relief of the horrible pain. The only bad thing is that it shouldn’t be done with a non-thrombosed piles, as it will only cause them to bleed and hurt more. So you need an experienced doctor to be able to tell the difference.
Rubber Band Piles Surgery
Piles surgery like the rubber band method can sometimes be done in the doctor’s office and take only a few minutes. This type of piles surgery is considered more than 99 percent effective for removing piles.
During this kind of piles surgery the doctor places a rubber band like elastic band around the tissue above the hemorrhoid with a suction device. This rubber band like elastic band works to cut the circulation off and in a few days it dries up and dies, then falls off. The hemorrhoid and the rubber band will fall off harmlessly into the toilet and the wound normally heals in one to five days.
Infrared Coagulation Piles Surgery
Another kind of piles surgery done to get rid of them is infrared coagulation. During this method, a beam of infrared light is beamed onto the piles in order to make the blood vessels clot. Once that happens, the area shrinks and recedes in just a few days. It is considered an efficient process for getting rid of mild cases of piles.
Hemorrhoidectomy Piles Surgery
This type of piles surgery cuts off the part of the piles sticks out from the anus and ties off the blood vessels that feed it. The recovery period for this type of piles surgery is considered painful, so this is typically one of the last choices for getting rid of piles. This has to be done under an anesthetic and is not usually done in a doctor’s office, but is performed during same day surgery in a clinic or a hospital. Recovery time is likely about one to three weeks.
Stapled Hemorrhoidectomy Piles Surgery
Stapled hemorrhoidectomy is another kind of piles surgery performed with a unique stapler used to cut off the blood supply of the hemorrhoids. It is considered less painful and also has a shorter recovery time than some of the other types of piles surgery for getting rid of hemorrhoids.
This method of piles surgery uses a special laser to cauterize the area of the hemorrhoids. It is considered non-invasive and efficient, as well as less painful than most of the other piles surgery.
Piles artery ligation
Piles artery ligation, which is also known by the long name of transanal haemorrhoidal dearterialisation (THD), is a type of piles surgery done to reduce the flow of blood to the piles. It is done with the person knocked out and the doctor uses ultrasound to create an image of the inside of the body to locate the veins in the bowels area that are supporting the piles. Then, the doctor stitches up that vein or artery and blocks it off. This makes the piles shrink up over the next few weeks and die off. Statistics say it is less painful than some of the other types of piles surgeries and that most people are happy with the results. It causes less pain after the operation and people have reported a high level of satisfaction with the results.
Side Effects of piles surgery
Piles surgery is on the whole a safe and successful process of action. Side effects are noticed in about five percent of these actions and can include pain, bleeding, problems urinating, edema, or infection. Pain relief can be given through prescribed medications and stool softeners to make bowel movements easier. Ice packs and sitz baths are also helpful during recovery for pain relief.